WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF THEFT OFFENSES?
Theft offenses crimes can range from shoplifting a pack of gum to embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars in an organized scheme to defraud a corporation. The common theme in all theft cases centers around a person intentionally taking something of value, like money or goods, which they are not entitled to, from someone else, with the intent to deprive them of that item. Some common examples of theft crimes in Florida include:
Petit Theft – The taking of goods or money worth less than $750 in value. Petit theft is a first-degree misdemeanor offense, punishable by up to one year in county jail and a fine of up to $1,000.
Grand Theft – The taking of goods or money in an amount greater than $750. Grand theft is typically a third-degree felony offense punishable by up to five years in prison. However, if the value of the property taken exceeds $20,000 it becomes a second-degree felony punishable by up to fifteen years in state prison. In cases in which the value exceeds $100,000 it becomes a first-degree felony punishable by up to thirty years in state prison.
Dealing in Stolen Property – This charge involves a person trafficking in or attempting to sell, resell or buy property which that person knew or should have known was stolen. This charge is commonly seen when a person attempts to pawn or resell stolen items in return for cash. Under Florida law, dealing in stolen property is a second-degree felony punishable by up to fifteen years in state prison.
Organized Scheme to Defraud- This charge applies to cases in which a person is accused of engaging in a scheme or a course of conduct intended to defraud someone of their property by making false or fraudulent representations to obtain the property. This crime is typically charged when there is a clear pattern of fraudulent behavior, usually involving more than one suspect working together. The penalties for this crime vary depending on the value of the property taken. If the value is under $20,000 it is a third-degree felony punishable by up to five years in state prison; if the value of the loss exceeds $20,000 but is less than $50,000 it is a second-degree felony punishable by up to fifteen years in state prison; and if the value of loss is greater than $50,000 it is a first-degree felony punishable by up to thirty years in state prison.
Theses are just a few examples of the most common theft crimes under Florida law. There are many other offenses other than these listed crimes. If you or someone you know have questions about a theft charge, or need legal assistance regarding a theft crime case, please contact our office to discuss your case with one of our experienced criminal defense attorneys.